类比知识所带来的表面上的矛盾

(因人的知识有限并且是类比上帝绝对完全的知识,所以人的知识必定出现表面上的矛盾。 As man’s knowledge is limited and analogical of God’s comprehensive and absolute knowledge therefore man’s knowledge will bound to have apparent contradictions)

【每一笔知识交易都有一个指向上帝的参考点。既然我们无法完全理解上帝,我们必然会陷入我们所有知识中似乎自相矛盾的境地。我们的知识是类比上帝的,因此必然是出现矛盾的。我们说,如果有任何真实的知识的存在,那么上帝必须有一个绝对完整的知识体系。因此,我们坚持认为一切知识都必须与上帝的绝对真理体系有关。然而,我们人却无法对这个绝对真理系统彻底理解。

为了说明我们这里所说的意思,我们不妨以基督徒对事物的解释中最突出的矛盾之一为例,如:神的旨意与我们的祷告之间的关系。一方面我们说祷告能改变事物,另一方面我们说一切都是按照神的计划发生的,神的计划是不可改变的。

范泰尔 Van Til, C.】

Every knowledge transaction has in it somewhere a reference point to God. Now since God is not fully comprehensible to us we are bound to come into what seems to be contradiction in all our knowledge. Our knowledge is analogical and therefore must be paradoxical. We say that if there is to be any true knowledge at all there must be in God an absolute system of knowledge. We therefore insist that everything must be related to that absolute system of God. Yet we ourselves cannot fully understand that system.
We may, in order to illustrate our meaning here, take one of the outstanding paradoxes of the Christian interpretation of things, namely, that of the relation of the counsel of God to our prayers. To put it pointedly: We say on the one hand that prayer changes things and on the other hand we say that everything happens in accordance with God’s plan and God’s plan is immutable.

Van Til, C. (1955). The defense of the faith. The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company: Philadelphia.